The generation of power from a cement kiln waste gases: a case study of a plant in Kenya

Show simple item record Irungu, Stanley Ngari Muchiri, Peter Ng’ang’a Byiringiro, Jean Bosco 2017-04-19T06:35:56Z 2017-04-19T06:35:56Z 2017-02-17
dc.description.abstract The cement production process is energy intensive both in terms of the thermal energy (firing the kiln, drying and De carbonation) and electrical energy for driving the numerous drives within the process line. The average specific power consumption of the case study plant was 111 kWh/ton of cement with an average peak demand of 9.7 MW. The high cost of electric power at 0.14 USD/kWh results in very high cost of production that significantly lowers the company’s profit margin and limits its competitive advantage. The generation of electrical power from waste heat recovery would reduce the electricity power bill through partially substituting the power procured from the national grid. This research evaluated the potential that the plant has for generating electrical power from the hot waste gases vented into the atmosphere and it was found that the plant has the potential to generate 3.4 MWh of electrical power. This results to a net potential to generate 2.89 MWh of electrical power after factoring in the auxiliary power consumption by Waste heat recovery plant system at 15%. This ultimately gave a reduction of 33% in the electricity power bill of the case study plant. The paper recommends the installation of a steam rankine cycle for the power generating plant. In this work the authors designed the steam boilers for the waste heat recovery plant for conversion of thermal energy to electrical energy, selected a commercial steam turbine and evaluated its economic feasibility and established that the designed plant would have a simple payback period of 2.7 years. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher The Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. en_US
dc.subject Conversion, kiln, payback period, steam generator, turbine en_US
dc.title The generation of power from a cement kiln waste gases: a case study of a plant in Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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