GIS Analysis and Spatial Modelling for Optimal Oil Pipeline Route Location: A Case Study of Proposed Isiolo Nakuru Pipeline Route

Show simple item record Mundia, Charles N. 2015-09-15T12:37:48Z 2015-09-15T12:37:48Z 2014-12
dc.identifier.issn 2319-7064
dc.description.abstract Large reserves of commercially viable oil have been discovered ill Turkana Kenya. In order to accrue benefits sustainably, optimize supply, and satisfy oil demands ill tile region, there is a need for an optimal oil pipeline distribution system that strikes a balance among environmental, engineering, technical and social factors. Using Isiolo and Nakuru town as start and end nodes, this study utilized spatial modeling and Geospatiat Information System (GIS) analysis to come lip with an optimal oil pipeline route. This involved deriving weights for the variables using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) ami modeling the routing process using them. A model was developed ncorporating pipeline length, topography, geology, soil types, populated areas, game parks, forests, rivers, wetlands, roads, ground water points, rail-line and roads to identify (III optimal route. GIS was used for spatial modeling, analysis and data overlay. The variables were weighted using AHP to determine their relative preferences. This was achieved by running questionnaires to various stake holders and experts ami professionals. The output for weighting showed high levels of preference given to environmental factors, followed by social factors and engineering factors having least preference. The mean of the weights resulted to ,tileoptimal route. The route proposed by the engineers was the best alternative identified by use of standard deviation. The optimal route realized savings by avoiding higher cost environmental and populated centers cells. The results of this analysis demonstrated the benefits of integrating various data sources with GIS analysis as a first look for pipeline routing. The benefits of combining GIS and AHP as a decision support system for the oil pipeline routing process was depicted. This can be applied ill routing of other linear structures in Kenya en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Science and Reseach en_US
dc.subject AHP en_US
dc.subject GIS en_US
dc.subject Modelling en_US
dc.subject Pipeline Route Selection en_US
dc.title GIS Analysis and Spatial Modelling for Optimal Oil Pipeline Route Location: A Case Study of Proposed Isiolo Nakuru Pipeline Route en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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