Accommodation of East African Rifting Across the Turkana Depression

Show simple item record E. Knappe R. Bendick C. Ebinger Y. Birhanu E. Lewi M. Floyd R. King G. Kianji N. Mariita T. Temtime B. Waktola B. Deresse M. Musila J. Kanoti M. Perry 2020-05-29T09:34:00Z 2020-05-29T09:34:00Z 2020-02
dc.description.abstract Geodetic observations in the Turkana Depression of southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya constrain the kinematic relay of extension from a single rift in Ethiopia to parallel rifts in Kenya and Uganda. Global Position System stations in the region record approximately 4.7 mm/year of total eastward extension, consistent with the ITRF14 Euler pole for Nubia‐ Somalia angular velocity. Extension is partitioned into high strain rates on localized structures and lower strain rates in areas of elevated topography, as across the Ethiopian Plateau. Where high topography is absent, extension is relayed between the Main Ethiopian Rift and the Eastern Rift across the Turkana Depression exclusively through localized extension on and immediately east of Lake Turkana (up to 0.2 microstrain/year across Lake Turkana). The observed scaling and location of active extension in the Turkana Depression are inconsistent with mechanical models predicting distributed stretching due to either inherited lithospheric weakness or reactivated structures oblique to the present‐ day extension direction. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en_US
dc.title Accommodation of East African Rifting Across the Turkana Depression en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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