Field-Supported Verification and Improvement of a Passive Microwave Surface Emission Model for Rough, Bare, and Wet Soil Surfaces by Incorporating Shadowing Effects

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dc.contributor.author Kuria, David Ndegwa
dc.contributor.author Toshio Koike
dc.contributor.author Hui Lu
dc.contributor.author Hiroyuki Tsutsui
dc.contributor.author Tobias Graf
dc.date.accessioned 2020-03-02T07:59:51Z
dc.date.available 2020-03-02T07:59:51Z
dc.date.issued 2007-05
dc.identifier.issn 0196-2892
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.dkut.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1097
dc.description.abstract o investigate the potential of passive microwave techniques for observing the atmosphere over land, it is important to understand the nature of emissions from the land surface. The heterogeneity of large-scale land surface emissions has been cited as a major impediment in conducting observations of the atmosphere over land. Many models, both theoretical and empirical, have been developed to explain the surface emission with varying degrees of success. In the past, most field-supported research in soil observations using microwave techniques has concentrated on lower frequencies (L-band). This paper reports on a study, supported by field data, that seeks to improve our understanding of surface emission at various frequencies using passive microwave radiometers. This provides a crucial link between remote sensing of the land surface and the atmosphere. We show that it is important to consider shadowing associated with rough wet surfaces. By incorporating shadowing effects, the advanced integral equation model (AIEM) shows remarkable agreement with observations at all frequencies and polarizations. Although the roughness parameters obtained during our experiment correspond to very rough conditions, by including shadowing effects the AIEM model is able to transition from the not so rough natural condition as observed from space to the very rough as obtained during field experiments. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing en_US
dc.title Field-Supported Verification and Improvement of a Passive Microwave Surface Emission Model for Rough, Bare, and Wet Soil Surfaces by Incorporating Shadowing Effects en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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